What are the main roof types?

Asphalt shingles are one of North America's most prolific roofing materials. Think of your first crayon drawing of a house. You probably drew a gable roof. It is basically a triangle with the base resting on the house and the two sides rise to meet the ridge.

Slopes can vary dramatically on the gable roof, from steep chalet-style designs to gently sloping roofs. The Dutch gable roof is another combined style roof that uses gable and hipped roof design elements. A miniature gable roof, or “gablet”, stands on a traditional hipped roof. Imagine a classic red barn with white trim, and you just imagined a mansard roof.

Its two sides have two slopes each, one steep and the other soft. The design allows the use of the upper floor, either as a mansard room or loft. Adding windows to the sides of the mansard roof can bring natural light and increase the use of the upper floor. Steep sections of mansard roofs are highly visible, so homeowners should carefully consider the appearance of their roofing shingles.

A traditional hipped roof consists of four slopes of equal length that come together to form a simple ridge. However, there are variations, such as a half hip that has two shorter sides with eaves. If you have a hipped roof, you may have already noticed that most of the roof is visible when you look at your home. The type and color of roofing shingles you install on a hipped roof will make up a large part of the overall exterior appearance of your home, as it is highly visible.

The Louvre Museum in Paris is an excellent example of the mansard roof, which takes its classic form from French architecture. This four-sided design with double earrings has very pronounced lower slopes, which can be flat or curved. Although the mansard roof originated in France, it quickly became popular in the United States. The style allows homeowners to make the most of the upper floor with plenty of interior attic space and multiple windows, and looks especially attractive when dormers are added.

If you prefer modern home designs, you're likely to appreciate a shed roof. This “slanted” style resembles half of a traditional gable. While it has long been used for porches and additions, the shed roof now adorns the entire structure in ultramodern constructions. Most shed roofs tend to have lower slopes, with 4 at 12 and below the most common, although steeper slopes will accelerate water runoff.

Homes with shed roofs tend to be unique structures that reflect the style and personality of their owners. Shed roofs allow for some interesting window placement opportunities, from small rows of glass panels directly under the roof to large windows at the front of the house. The aforementioned styles (gable roofs, hipped roofs, jerkinhead roofs, mansard roofs, mansard roofs, and salt box roofs) are all pitched roofs. Choosing a roof shape is more difficult than it seems.

There are many different types of roofs and they all have unique properties. As is clear from the name, a flat roof is flat. However, it can have a slight slope of up to 10 degrees. This roof can be used as a living part of the building.

It's perfect for hot countries without cold weather or severe snowfall. A shed roof is a roof that slopes downward in only one direction. The angle of inclination may differ and can be as steep as desired. This type of roof was first used in architecture in the 1960s and is now popular in Africa.

These structures are very simple and practical. In hot countries, the angle of this roof can help prevent the building from overheating, and in northern countries, it will allow snow to go down and keep the roof clean. A gable roof has two roof sections, both sloping downwards. It's versatile and popular all over the world.

Its characteristics are the simplicity of planning and construction and the resistance to the elements. A gable roof is one of the basic types of roof widely used as is and in combination with other types of roof. This is a combination of the gable and hipped roofs mentioned above. Small hips are added to the sides for decorative purposes.

This is a mixture of a hipped roof with a small gable element on the top. All of these variations are designed to be aesthetic and add a unique look to your home, while remaining practical in use. A hipped barn roof is a hipped roof with the top that has a greater hip angle than the entire roof. These roofs offer less shade compared to gable roofs, which can be a crucial factor when planting a garden around the house.

A salt box roof is an asymmetrical gable roof. One side is short and the other side is long. The angle of each side is different, which means a different wall height. These roofs were popular in the United States in the 17th to 18th centuries.

Its name comes from the shape of the wooden salt boxes popular in those times. Allows for additional living space and is quite practical in windy, rainy and snowy climates. A bonnet roof is a type of hipped roof with four sides. Each side has two slopes, with the higher slope being substantially steeper than the lower one.

This lower part provides additional shade and keeps the sides of the house safe from the rain. It comes from France and looks very elegant. Not long ago, asphalt shingles, slate, clay, or concrete shingles were the only options for roofing. Today, advanced roofing materials offer an unprecedented range of alternatives, as well as a new look for existing materials.

Advanced solar collectors integrate seamlessly into existing roof tiles and generate up to 1 kilowatt of energy per 100 square feet. They are particularly good for sunny roofs in homeowners' associations that ban typical solar panels. While they can help offset energy costs with solar energy, they also cost more than traditional solar options. Asphalt shingles are the most common roofing materials in the United States because they are effective in all environmental conditions.

Quality varies widely, so ask if they pass ASTM D3161, Class F (110 mph) or ASTM D7158, Class H (150 mph) wind tests and durability AC438 Interlocking panels mimic slate, clay, or shingles and resist damage from heavy rain (up to 8.8 inches per hour), winds of 120 miles per hour, lift, hail and freeze-thaw cycles. As a result, they are an economical and effective option for humid and windy regions or areas prone to wildfires. Some stone-coated steel roofs are guaranteed for the entire life of the house. Slate roof lasts more than 100 years.

Does not burn, is water resistant and resistant to mold and mildew. Whiteboard is effective in humid climates, but it is expensive, heavy and can break easily when stepped on. Keep this in mind if you live in an area that experiences hail. The rubber slate has a natural look and can be cut with a knife to fit intricate roofs such as those found in Victorian homes.

Rubber slate roofs can last 100 years, but can be damaged by satellite dishes and walking, so they can also be susceptible to damage from hail, similar to slate. Roofing professionals trained to install rubber slate can be difficult to find. Clay and concrete shingles can withstand damage from tornadoes, hurricanes, or winds of up to 125 miles per hour and even earthquakes, according to a summary of experimental studies on the seismic performance of concrete and clay roofing tiles from the University of Southern California for the Tile Roofing Institute. They are good in hot and dry climates.

They may need additional support to support their weight and are likely to break when you walk on them. Green roofs are covered with plants and can improve air quality, reduce water runoff, and insulate homes to reduce urban heat islands. However, they need additional structural support, a vapor barrier, thermal insulation, waterproofing, drainage, seepage of water, soil, compost and plants. Its estimated lifespan is 40 years.

This heavy roof consists of layers of asphalt, tar or adhesive covered with an aggregate and is for flat roofs only. Tar and gravel roofs, also for flat roofs, are best for roofs with heavy foot traffic. These roofs can get sticky in summer, and it's harder to shovel snow off these roofs compared to smooth surfaces. They can last from 20 to 25 years.

Roll roofing material is the mainstay of low-slope residential roofs, as well as outbuildings, such as shops and sheds and other utilitarian structures. Roll roofs consist of long rolls of mineral impregnated and asphalt impregnated material covered with mineral granules. Each roll is approximately 100 square feet of roof and approximately 3 feet wide. These large format thin roofing strips offer a quick, convenient and economical way to cover a pitched roof building, such as a workshop, where appearance is not important.

The roll roof can be applied with the torch method or with roofing nails. Recessed ceiling (BUR) is one of the oldest material options for flat roofs or roofs that have a very low slope. BUR systems are constructed with several layers of asphalt impregnated roofing felt that is hot applied. The felt is applied in overlays to form a barrier two to four layers thick, then a layer of finely crushed stone is embedded in hot tar over the top to create a very durable and impenetrable roof.

Asphalt composite shingles are the most popular roofing material in North America. Made from a fiberglass base covered with asphalt and mineral granules, these three-tab shingles are a good choice for most home roofing needs. They usually come with a 20- to 30-year warranty, and replacing individual shingles that are damaged is a pretty easy job. Practically every roofing company is familiar with the installation of these.

Composite shingles excel at flexing and adapting to roof movements due to expansion and contraction. A shed was added to the top of their existing gable roofs, giving them more space and requiring little additional construction material. Jerkinhead roofs tend to be more expensive than their gable or hipped roof alternatives, but may be worth the investment due to their durability and the margin for extra square feet usable under the roof. Curved roofs can work in almost any environment or climate and are typically made of metal because of their flexibility.

When choosing roofing materials, keep in mind that the steeper the slope, the more visible your roof surface will be from the ground, which could create an even greater impact on the aesthetics of your home's exterior design. Not only is natural slate exceptionally eye-catching, but it can last 50 to 100 years or more, making a slate roof an excellent long-term investment. Combination roofs can also be more labor intensive to build, and keep in mind that ridges and valleys (which combination roofs tend to have more than simpler roof designs) will need extra care when it comes to waterproofing. Another reason gable roofs are popular is because the triangular shape allows snow, rain and ice to slide immediately, which is beneficial in most regions.

Mansard roofs, also known as barn roofs or barn-style roofs, are similar to mansard roofs in several respects. Since the construction is quite simple and fewer materials are needed, this helps keep the cost of a roof low. The first Americans realized that they could add more space with less material by adding a pitched roof to an existing gable roof. They can help you choose the right shingles for your roof design and provide you with a budget along with financing opportunities for roofing.

In addition to the type or style of roof you choose and the climate of your region, you'll want to consider what type of roofing material works best in your area, the type of roof you want, and your budget. . .