What are the six basic roof types?

Two slopes that form a ridge characterize the most common shape of the roof: the gable roof. A flat roof is just what it sounds like and is a very standard frame for modern homes. A hipped roof has slopes on all four sides. The Dutch roof is basically a hipped roof with a small gable at each end.

The result is easier access to the lower part of the roof with the added benefits of natural light and additional space. It is a French design and is more difficult to build than the hipped or gable roof. The mansard roof actually has two slopes inside one on each side. The lower part of the roof slope is steeper, so the roof slope is just beginning.

This allows for more space inside and, in most cases, creates additional space. Most flat roofs aren't really 100% flat, they're low-slope roofs that look flat, but have a bit of a slope to allow water runoff. The shed roof is similar to a flat roof, but has more slope, often used for additions or with other roof styles. A dormer is more of an addition to an existing roof.

It is a window and a roof (gable, hipped, flat, among others) that protrude from the existing slope of the roof. A functional attic creates usable space outside the ceiling, adding natural light and headroom. An M-shaped roof is basically a gable roof with two sloping sides that meet in the middle with corresponding slopes on each side. Think of your first crayon drawing of a house.

You probably drew a gable roof. It is basically a triangle with the base resting on the house and the two sides rise to meet the ridge. Slopes can vary dramatically on the gable roof, from steep chalet-style designs to gently sloping roofs. The Dutch gable roof is another combined style roof that uses gable and hipped roof design elements.

A miniature gable roof, or “gablet”, stands on a traditional hipped roof. Imagine a classic red barn with white trim, and you just imagined a mansard roof. Its two sides have two slopes each, one steep and the other soft. The design allows the use of the upper floor, either as a mansard room or loft.

Adding windows to the sides of the mansard roof can bring natural light and increase the use of the upper floor. Steep sections of mansard roofs are highly visible, so homeowners should carefully consider the appearance of their roofing shingles. A traditional hipped roof consists of four slopes of equal length that come together to form a simple ridge. However, there are variations, such as a half hip that has two shorter sides with eaves.

If you have a hipped roof, you may have already noticed that most of the roof is visible when you look at your home. The type and color of roofing shingles you install on a hipped roof will make up a large part of the overall exterior appearance of your home, as it is highly visible. The Louvre Museum in Paris is an excellent example of the mansard roof, which takes its classic form from French architecture. This four-sided design with double earrings has very pronounced lower slopes, which can be flat or curved.

Although the mansard roof originated in France, it quickly became popular in the United States. The style allows homeowners to make the most of the upper floor with plenty of interior attic space and multiple windows, and looks especially attractive when dormers are added. If you prefer modern home designs, you're likely to appreciate a shed roof. This “slanted” style resembles half of a traditional gable.

While it has long been used for porches and additions, the shed roof now adorns the entire structure in ultramodern constructions. Most shed roofs tend to have lower slopes, with 4 at 12 and below the most common, although steeper slopes will accelerate water runoff. Homes with shed roofs tend to be unique structures that reflect the style and personality of their owners. Shed roofs allow for some interesting window placement opportunities, from small rows of glass panels directly under the roof to large windows at the front of the house.

The aforementioned styles (gable roofs, hipped roofs, jerkinhead roofs, mansard roofs, mansard roofs, and salt box roofs) are all pitched roofs. Also known as pitched or peaked roofs, gable roofs are some of the most popular roofs in the U.S. UU. They are easily recognizable by their triangular shape.

Roof shapes include flat (or shed), gable, hipped, arched, vaulted, and a wide variety of other configurations detailed below. It makes sense to minimize the profile of a large building, especially one that would require a massive pitched roof. Because flat roofs have no slope, you'll need proper drainage to ensure water can flow out of your home. The mansard roof has two slopes, a shallow top and a steep side, and the roof overlaps and rests on all side walls (Fig.

They also reduce costs by eliminating rafters; builders simply reinforce roof rafters to support the weight of the roof. They can have a rustic feel or a more elegant look, making them one of the most versatile ceiling styles. Shingles, metal, or even glass will work for a vaulted roof, but metal requires the least maintenance and is generally considered the best option for most structures. Use this page as a guide to learn more about the different roof styles, so you can be well informed before re-roofing your existing roof or installing a new roof on the home you just built.

A PVC roof system like the one you can get from a pioneer in residential PVC membranes, the IB roof, with membranes available in thicknesses of 50, 60 or 80 mil. One side of a salt box roof is a flat roof with a slight slope, while the other side is more of a “sloping” structure. The structure of the hipped roof is a little more complicated than a gable roof, and a little more expensive to build. While hip style roofs tend to be more expensive than gable roofs due to their more complicated design, they are still quite common due to their versatility and durability.

All other things being equal, hipped roofs are more expensive to re-roof because the roof surface covers the entire square area of the house. The butterfly roof resembles the wings of a butterfly and is most often seen in modern or contemporary homes. Keep in mind that pyramid roofs may be more expensive to build and maintain due to the complexity of the roof design, but they provide the aforementioned advantages. .